Electronic Dance Music is actually a term coined in the early 2010s when American music industry and its media tried to re-brand the club culture that has existed for more than 40 years across Europe and the U.S.
EDM is an umbrella term that includes numerous genres including techno, trance, house, dub step and their respective sub-genres.
Trance, one of the most popular genres, started getting popular back in the 1980s in the United Kingdom and increasingly became mainstream throughout the Europe. It usually has a tempo that is in between 110 – 150 bpm and it is oftentimes more melodic than House music. Its characteristics include repeating melodic phrases, vocals and progressive sound that gives listeners uplifting rush, euphoria, high. Popular trance artists include Armin Van Buuren, Markus Schulz, and Tiesto. Since the inception of this genre, there has been a proliferation of its sub-genres such as hard style, psy trance and acid trance and progressive trance. Since then, trance has maintained a strong presence in the key dance music markets.